1. Endocrine Function: The pancreas secretes hormones directly into the bloodstream to regulate blood sugar levels. The two main hormones produced by the pancreas are insulin and glucagon. Insulin helps lower blood sugar levels by promoting the uptake of glucose into cells, while glucagon raises blood sugar levels by triggering the release of stored glucose from the liver.
2. Exocrine Function: The pancreas also produces pancreatic juices that contain digestive enzymes. These enzymes are released into the small intestine to help break down carbohydrates, fats, and proteins in the food we eat, allowing for their proper digestion and absorption.
By performing these functions, the pancreas helps maintain proper glucose levels in the body and supports the digestion process.